Academic conventions and copyright law require that you acknowledge when you use the ideas of others.In most cases, this means stating which book or journal article is the source of an idea or quotation.This can simply be headed - References Arrange this in alphabetical order of authors' surnames, and then chronologically (earliest publication date first) for each author where more than one work by that author is cited.The author's surname is placed first, followed by initials or first name, and then the year of publication is given. If the place of publication is obvious from the publisher's name, it does not need to be repeated. can be used if no place of publication is apparent.
If there is no volume number, the issue number or identifier should follow the journal title. The other details will vary according to the nature of the document. 99) Note: In the reference list provide the details of the source that contains the citation - the author who has done the citing: Smith, J 1995, ... Not yet in the process of being published - Tomasi (forthcoming) Currently in the process of being published - Nisbet (in press) (CSIRO 1982) A publication of the Institution of Engineers, Australia (1988) is ...A printable PDF version has been adapted from this online guide.On this page: At the end of your essay, place a list of the references you have cited in the text.If the role of an editor (or compiler, reviser or translator) is of primary importance, list the work under those names. Use abbreviations such as ed., eds, trans., rev., comp. Tolstoy, L 1930, Use the following order - single author entries followed by multiple author entries beginning with the same name (earliest dates first in each case).
Use abbreviations such as ed., eds, trans., rev., comp. Brofenbrenner, U (ed.) 2005, , Oxford University Press, Oxford. A long dash (2-em, approximately equivalent to 4-6 hyphens in length) can be used to replace that part of the author entry which is repeated. Chaffee, J 1991, For journals, include the volume number, issue number or other identifier, and page numbers separated by commas where all these elements are available.Follow the same principles for authors as outlined in the Books section. Langdon, WB 1996, 'Data structures and genetic programming', Ph D thesis, University College, London. Details of the work of the author being cited (in this example, Brown), can be included if useful or of interest but is not necessary. edited by Kaufmann (1974) (eds Ahdar & Aroney 2010) ... Note: Abbreviations such as CSIRO may be used in textual references. Legislation is only included in a list of references if it is important to the understanding of the work (preferably in a separate list under the subheading 'Legislation').