The Oxford English Dictionary dates the term meaning "female dog" to around 1000 A. It is believed that the definition of a female dog for the term bitch derived from the Greek goddess Artemis.
1400) a character demands: "Whom callest thou queine, skabde bitch?" ("Who are you calling a whore, you miserable bitch? A she dog, or doggess; the most offensive appellation that can be given to an English woman, even more provoking than that of whore, as may be gathered from the regular Billinsgate or St Giles answer--"I may be a whore, but can't be a bitch." Throughout the word’s evolution into the nineteenth century, it lessened from Grose’s claim.Bitch, literally meaning a female dog, is a slang pejorative for a person, commonly a woman, who is belligerent, unreasonable, malicious, a control freak, rudely intrusive or aggressive.When applied to a man, bitch is a derogatory term for a subordinate.
Its original use as a vulgarism, documented to the fourteenth century, suggested high sexual desire in a woman, comparable to a dog in heat.The range of meanings has expanded in modern usage.