Email: [email protected](0000-0002-3581-064X) The dataset has been deposited with the Archaeology Data Service doi: 10.5284/1027216 Referee statement by Peter Veth The Aust Arch dataset (Williams and Ulm 2014) consists of 5,044 radiocarbon determinations from 1,748 archaeological sites across Australia (Figure 1).
The dataset also contains a further 478 non-radiocarbon ages, comprising optically stimulated luminescence (n=220), thermoluminescence ages (n=161), oxidisable carbon ratio (OCR) (n=35), uranium-series (n=28), electron spin resonance (n=26), cation ratio dating (n=7) and amino acid racemization (AAR) (n=1) ages from 86 archaeological sites (Figure 1).
AMS Radiocarbon and Cation-Ratio Dating of Rock Art In the Bighorn Basin of Wyoming and Montana.
Fenner School of Environment and Society, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Department of Anthropology, Archaeology and Sociology, School of Arts and Social Sciences, James Cook University, PO Box 6811, Cairns, QLD 4870, Australia. National Museum of Australia, GPO Box 1901, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia. Niche Environment and Heritage, PO Box W36, Parramatta, NSW 2150, Australia.
2008b), the top end (Williams and Smith 2012) and finally the southern latitudes and Tasmania (Williams and Smith 2013) (Figure 2). Given that 74% of dates fall within the Holocene epoch, this period is most amenable to archaeological enquiry at a fine-scaled regional level.
The dataset contains up to 26 data fields for each age, including location, site type, biogeographic zone, sample material, context and age details.
Figure 1: Map of sites with radiocarbon and non-radiocarbon ages across Australia, and included in this dataset. It has been 20 years since Smith and Sharp (1993) undertook the first comprehensive review of archaeological ages across Australia and used them as a proxy for exploring human activity in the Pleistocene. In Australia, these advances have not gone unnoticed and, as part of recent research, we have now compiled an archaeological age dataset for Australia. While these regional datasets exist, the complete dataset has special value in allowing trends across an entire continent to be tracked. 2014 Aust Arch: A Database of 14C and Luminescence Ages from Archaeological Sites in Australia [data-set].
Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded.
The dates are further divided between Pleistocene (10-50,000 cal. It was a pioneering paper, building on the preliminary application of these techniques in Australia by Bird and Frankel (1991), and with several similar studies to follow (e.g. This dataset has been sequentially published as a number of regional datasets and has been used to improve time-series and summed probability methods (Williams 2012) and as a proxy for prehistoric demography (Johnson and Brook 2011; Ulm 2013; Smith et al. While not exhaustive, the dataset provides a key resource for researchers with an interest in Australian archaeology, and forms an online repository for ongoing analysis, allowing further additions or amendments in the future. York: Archaeology Data Service [distributor] For advice and information contained in the database we thank Bryce Barker, John Beaton, Andrew Border, Sally Brockwell, Noelene Cole, Malcolm Connolly, Richard Cosgrove, Matt Cupper, Bruno David, Neale Draper, Tony Eales, Jay Hall, Giles Hamm, Fiona Hook, Lara Lamb, Ian Lilley, Roger Luebbers, Ian Mc Niven, Rob Neal, Jon Prangnell, Kathryn Przywolnik, Norma Richardson, Richard Robins, June Ross, Mike Rowland, Peter Veth, Gary Vines, Lynley Wallis and Esmee Webb. Aust Arch: A Database of 14C and Non-14C Ages from Archaeological Sites in Australia - Composition, Compilation and Review (Data Paper). doi:10.11141/ia.36.6 This dataset represents an invaluable compilation of C dates from over 1,000 publications, the dataset provides information on each date in 26 fields including its location, site type, biogeographic zone, sample material, context and age details (including C and error).Holdaway and Porch 1996; Lourandos and David 1998; Ulm and Hall 1996). It also provides an indication of the extent and spread of archaeological work across the country to date, and areas where further work may be needed. 2013 'Human refugia in Australia during the Last Glacial Maximum and Terminal Pleistocene: A geo-spatial analysis of the 25-12ka Australian archaeological record', 40, 4612-4625. Sean Ulm is the recipient of an Australian Research Council Future Fellowship (project number FT120100656). 'Referee Statement' in Williams, A., Ulm, S., Smith, M. This data provides a comprehensive foundation for any regional archaeology in Australia illustrating past research foci, strengths and biases in sampling of bioregions, geomorphic context, site type, sample type, and adequacy of contextualisation (e.g. Such datasets can improve time series and summed probability methods and are being used as a mainstream proxy to explore archaeological trends and specifically demographic fluctuations for the tropical northern, central arid zone and southern ocean provinces.