Jomon potsherds have been recovered from archeological sites across Japan - from northern Hokkaido to southern Ryukyus - but they are more common in the eastern part of the country, where Jomon culture survived longest.To see how the evolution of pottery fits into the chronology of other arts and crafts, please see: Prehistoric Art Timeline (from 2.5 million BCE).We do know from the recent dating of Xianrendong Cave Pottery (c.18,000 BCE) and Yuchanyan Cave Pottery (16,000 BCE) that Chinese pottery was the first type of ceramic ware in East Asia.We also know from the dating of the Amur River Pottery that Chinese know-how had spread into the Siberian borderlands by 14,300 BCE at the latest. Summary Characteristics Types History - What is the Oldest Jomon Pottery?- Incipient Jomon: 14500-8000 BCE - Initial Jomon: 8000-5000 BCE - Early Jomon: 5000-2500 BCE - Middle Jomon: 25001500 BCE - Late Jomon: 15001000 BCE - Final Jomon: 1000300 BCE - Epi-Jomon: 100 BCE - 500 CE Related Articles In prehistoric art, the term "Jomon" (which means "cord pattern" in Japanese) refers to the ancient pottery produced by Japan's first Stone Age culture, during the period 14,5 BCE.Note: Jomon pottery used to be considered diagnostic of the Neolithic, which occurred in Japan during the period 10,000-1,000 BCE.
During this lengthy period, Japan progressed from a stable but primitive hunter-gatherer society, to a settled, more complex society based on rice cultivation, some animal husbandry and intensive fishing.
Exactly how and why Jomon pottery began, remains unclear.
(See also: Pottery Timeline.) It was christened Jomon pottery by the American zoologist Edward S.
Morse (1838-1925), who excavated the first known examples of Jomon ceramic art from the Omori shell-mound near Tokyo.
Because all the recovered sherds had marks of twisted cords on their exterior surfaces, Morse gave them the name "Jomon".
In fact, the name "Jomon" is now used to describe the entire prehistoric culture of Japanese art, a culture which began in the era of Paleolithic Art, and continued throughout the period of Neolithic Art, before finishing about 300 BCE, towards the end of the Iron Age.