Dating methods geology

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The "age" or "date" is calculated from the amount of the daughter isotope produced by radioactive decay of the parent isotope.

In Grand Canyon, the "date" of metamorphism of the basalt lavas to form these Brahma amphibolites has been determined as 1690-1710 Ma (million years ago), based on U-Pb dating of minerals in the overlying Vishnu Schist and underlying Rama Schist that formed during the metamorphism.

It is also claimed that the original basalt lavas were erupted between 17 Ma, based on U-Pb dating of "original" zircon grains in metamorphosed felsic (granitic) volcanic layers within the Brahma and Rama Schists.

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All 27 samples were sent to two well-credentialed internationally-recognized, commercial laboratories for radioisotope analyses—potassium-argon (K-Ar) at a Canadian laboratory, and rubidium-strontium (Rb-Sr), samarium-neodymium (Sm-Nd), and lead-lead (Pb-Pb), at an Australian laboratory.

These were originally basalt lava flows several meters to tens of meters thick.

In some outcrops pillow structures have been preserved, testimony to the basalt lavas having originally erupted and flowed under water onto the Creation Week ocean floor.

Metamorphic rocks are not always easy to date using radio-isotopes.

Results obtained usually signify the "date" of the metamorphism, but they may also yield the "age" of the original volcanic (or sedimentary) rock.Both laboratories use standard, best-practice procedures on state-of-the-art equipment.

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