The extant collection of buff coats preserved at Littlecote House dating to 1649-1660, contains examples with leather varying from 0.06 to 0.22 inches (1.5 to 5.5 millimeters) in thickness and entire coats weighing between 4lb 4oz and 7lb 8oz (1.9 to 3.4 kilograms).
All buff coats had deep skirts attached, which protected the upper legs of the wearer.
Most surviving examples have sleeves, but a minority are sleeveless.
Sleeves could be of a single thickness of leather from shoulder to wrist, or alternatively of a double thickness from the shoulder to the elbow, with a single thickness, to allow freedom of movement, to the wrist.
Extant examples are lined, either with coarse linen or silk.
The coat provided some protection against swords and other edged weapons, however, the buff coat was ineffective against firearms, possibly excepting spent bullets.The hide then had cod oil worked into it in a process called "kicking" and was finally air-dried. The finished leather attained its characteristic buff colour and was supple, durable and weather resistant.Due to the thickness of the leather, the seams of these coats were all butt-jointed, with hidden or partially hidden stitches.Together with the lobster-tailed pot helmet and cuirass it formed the basis of the equipment of the harquebusier, the typical type of cavalryman of the English Civil War and other European conflicts of the 17th century.
) was an item of leather clothing worn by cavalry and officers during the 17th century, it also saw limited use by some infantry. It was derived from the simple leather jerkins worn by huntsmen and soldiers during the Tudor period, these in turn deriving from the arming doublet worn under full plate armour.Buff leather was produced by a method of "oil tanning"; following treatment with lime the hide was scraped to remove the outer layer which gave the finished product a matt surface.