Dinah Shore (born Frances Rose Shore; February 29, 1916 – February 24, 1994) was an American singer, actress, television personality, and the top-charting female vocalist of the 1940s.She reached the height of her popularity as a recording artist during the Big Band era of the 1940s and 1950s, but achieved even greater success a decade later, in television, mainly as hostess of a series of variety programs for Chevrolet.She graduated from the university in 1938 with a degree in sociology.Her parents provided intensive care for her, suggesting rigorous exercising.She recovered, but she sustained a deformed foot and limp.
After failing singing auditions for the bands of Benny Goodman, and both Jimmy and Tommy Dorsey, Shore struck out on her own to become the first singer of her era to achieve huge solo success.She had a string of 80 charted popular hits, spanning the years 1940 to 1957, and after appearing in a handful of feature films went on to a four-decade career in American television, starring in her own music and variety shows from 1951 through 1963 and hosting two talk shows in the 1970s.She loved to sing as a small child; her mother, a contralto with operatic aspirations, encouraged her.Her father would often take her to his store where she would perform impromptu songs for the customers. Although shy because of her limp, she became actively involved in sports, was a cheerleader at Nashville's Hume-Fogg High School, and was involved in other activities.
Shore was born to Russian-Jewish immigrant shopkeepers, Anna (née Stein) and Solomon Shore, in Winchester, Tennessee.
She had a sister, eight years older, named Elizabeth, known as "Bessie." When she was two years old, she was stricken with polio (infantile paralysis), a disease that was not preventable at the time, and for which the only treatment was bed rest.