The Millennium Development Goals and targets come from the Millennium Declaration, signed by 189 countries, including 147 heads of State and Government, in September 2000 and from further agreement by member states at the 2005 World Summit (Resolution adopted by the General Assembly - A/RES/60/1.
The goals and targets are interrelated and should be seen as a whole.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) include 8 goals, 21 targets and 60 indicators for measuring progress between 19, when the goals are expected to be met.
The table below lists the goals, targets and indicators included in the MDGs.
In September 2000, 189 countries signed the United Nations Millennium Declaration [A/RES/55/2], committing themselves to eradicating extreme poverty in all its forms by 2015.
To help track progress toward these commitments, a set of time-bound and quantified goals and targets, called the Millennium Development Goals, were developed for combating poverty in its many dimensions - including reducing income poverty, hunger, disease, environmental degradation and gender discrimination.
Key documents and links related to the MDGs may be found at the UN Statistics Division - Millennium Development Goals Indicators website.
Those include access to the most recent version of MDGInfo, a database system designed for the compilation and presentation of development indicators for the global monitoring of progress achieved towards the MDGs since 1990.
Includes a commitment to good governance, development and poverty reduction - both nationally and internationally Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.Official development assistance8.1 Net ODA, total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors' gross national income 8.2 Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)8.3 Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied8.4 ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes 8.5 ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes Market access8.6 Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed countries, admitted free of duty8.7 Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries8.8 Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product8.9 Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity Debt sustainability 8.10 Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)8.11 Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives 8.12 Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services Address the special needs of the least developed countries Includes: tariff and quota free access for the least developed countries' exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States (through the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States and the outcome of the twenty-second special session of the General Assembly) The actual proportion of people living in slums is measured by a proxy, represented by the urban population living in households with at least one of the four characteristics: (a) lack of access to improved water supply; (b) lack of access to improved sanitation; (c) overcrowding (3 or more persons per room); and (d) dwellings made of non-durable material.