Logic is the science of the correctness or incorrectness of reasoning. There’s more to an argument’s being a good one than validity. A factually correct argument is an argument with (all) true premises.
Or, more to the point Logic is the study of the evaluation of arguments. A sound argument is an argument that is Example 1: All tigers are mammals.
Amherst is in Massachusetts and Chicago is in Massachusetts.
Try to find a counterexample, such as: All fish are aquatic animals. Amherst is in Massachusetts and Boston is in Massachusetts.
Boston is the largest city in Massachusetts, and Springfield is the second largest. This course is almost entirely focused on deductive logic.
(Let us consider the example arguments above; notice that the prime numbers example is deductive despite reasoning from the specific to the general, and that the Jason example is inductive despite reasoning from the general to the specific.) A strong inductive argument is for which it true.
A statement is a declarative sentence, or part of a sentence, that can be either true or false.
How many statements are there in the example below?